Nicolas is a postdoctoral researcher at the Oxford Internet Institute. He studies how digital entrepreneurship works in environments that are far more challenging than Silicon Valley or London. His comparative grounded research covers African cities including Nairobi, Lagos, Accra, Kigali, and Harare. Earlier, Nicolas’ dissertation at the OII focused on technology innovation hubs in Africa. He was a visitor at SCANCOR at Stanford, was a Clarendon Scholar, and grantee of the Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship. Until 2014, Nicolas was consultant for the Mobile Innovation for Development program at infoDev (World Bank). He was a Fulbright scholar at Michigan State University, where he did his MA in Telecommunications, Information Studies and Media. Nicolas also holds a Diploma in Media Management from the University of Cologne. Nicolas continues to be active as a consultant: he recently contributed to an assessment of the digital entrepreneurship ecosystem in Bangladesh for the World Bank.